What is TPM (Total Productive Maintenance)?

“Inherent within the TPM concept are the aspects of enhancing the overall effectiveness (efficiency) of factory equipment and providing an optimal group organisational approach in the accomplishment of system maintenance activities. (Blanchard,1997)” Total Productive Maintenance can be understood as a holistic approach towards equipment maintenance where the aim is to achieve the best possible productivity with no breakdowns, no unplanned failures, no stops, no defects and no accidents. Being said that, how do we achieve it? Proactive and Preventive Maintenance is the key. The roles of production and maintenance teams in TPM are blurred in a way that the...

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Five factors that affect fabric consumption

It has been established over time that including all the costs related to the production of a garment, the cost of the fabric is the highest. As much as about 70 per cent of the expenditures of apparel production have been dedicated to the cost of raw material which includes fabric and trims. It would not be wrong to say that by controlling the raw material costs, one can substantially decrease the investment cost for a company, thereby directly affecting its profits. Logically, the cost of raw material can be controlled if we monitored the fabric consumption and utilization....

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Artificial intelligence in the apparel industry

When compared to 2016, there has been a 300 per cent growth in investments in Artificial Intelligence capabilities development in 2017 globally, as predicted by Forrester Research. An IDC research has predicted that the AI market will become worth more than $47 bn in 2020 growing from an $8 bn market in 2016. We have seen science fictions portraying artificial intelligence as robots and near-human characters. But if you google the definition of AI, it says “programmes or systems that are designed to perform tasks requiring human intelligence: From visual perceptions, speech recognition, and language translations, decisionmaking to autonomous...

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Classify the fault Defects in garment manufacturing

In our defects article series, we have so far covered the defects occurring in knitted and woven fabrics and also in embroidery. Now, we are going to take up the defects that occur in our final garments, and how can we control or correct them. Garment defects can be caused due to the use of defective fabric, workmanship defects and handling defects, and due to the defects in the trims and accessories being used in the garment. Fabric defects Part of the defects occurring in the final garment could be caused due to the defects in the fabric being...

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Classify the fault Defects due to embroidery

Next in the defects article series, we are discussing about the defects found in the embroidery. Embroidery is used in garments to enhance their aesthetic appeal, but when defects appear in the embroidery itself, the quality of the garment deteriorates. Embroidery defects can be a result of irregularities in the stitches or the design or both. Based on the defect we can incorporate some remedial measures to counter their occurrence in the garment. Poor registration: This defect appears when the embroidery’s design and stitches don’t align correctly. Causes Shifting of the fabric, the embroidery is being sewn into  ...

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