Where’s the bottleneck? Critical Path Method will tell you!

Any process or project can be defined as a set or series of activities that need to be carried out in order to complete that process. These activities have dependences, based on which a network of activities can be made. The longest path in duration, amongst the paths in the network, from start to end of the process, is known as the Critical Path, and the activities that make up the critical path are known as critical activities. Critical Path Method, commonly known as CPM, is a project scheduling technique used for effective project management. In this method, a project model is constructed that includes: Work breakdown structure or the list of interdependent activities of the project The specific duration or time value allocated to each activity Dependencies between the activities Importance of CPM This project scheduling method tells us: When the entire process or project will be completed, i.e. the project duration, Which activities in the project are critical, i.e. any delay in those activities can potentially delay the whole project Which activities in the project are non-critical, i.e. activities that can be late without affecting the project duration, thus providing the project a flexibility Finding project status on any given date, based on schedule and budget To identify, if there are enough resources that the project requires And, finally if the project duration has to be reduced,...

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Mitering – The art in fabric spreading

What affects the appearance of a garment, affects the demand of the garment. And when it comes to stripes and checks, managing the quality on the basis of appearance becomes much more critical. Mitering is basically the alignment of the design, stripes or checks on the garment seams. So when your shirt is worn, the stripes on the left front panel should flow uninterrupted across the placket to the right front panel. Do you believe this is just a clever stripes/checks placement, or is there more to it? Well, Mitering is an art in itself and takes a lot of efforts. It is very crucial from quality point of view. Mitering on seams improve the overall garment appearance, and hence is a desired specification by buyers. This article tells about the various techniques used in mitering in the spreading of fabric and is only a point of view of the author. There might be various other techniques followed in the apparel industry today. Mitering techniques There are many Mitering techniques in play which help us achieve the correct appearance for the garment. Laser guides This technique uses laser lights fixed on the spreading table as a guide for spreading. The stripes/checks are then matched with the projected laser lights on the spreading table. Advantagess Makes Mitering easier to achieve, especially for fabrics with larger widths and for lays with...

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Let’s get to the basics Inspection process in apparel industry

My last two articles on inspection focused on the pre-production and during production inspection processes. This is the last article of this series on inspection processes in the apparel industry which focusses on the final audit done by the buyer before shipment. Final random inspection or final audit Once the garments are ready for shipment, a final inspection is conducted. In this, the inspectors are buyer representatives who are responsible for finding if the order is manufactured as per the customer’s requirements. The shipment packing, merchandise packing, and the merchandise itself are inspected for discrepancies. This includes the carton information, the shipping mark, order number, style number, type of packaging, package design, information on the packaging bag like the sizes, logo, etc. The garment is also inspected for appearance and sizes, and the tags required. In case 80 per cent of the sample lot is not ready for inspection, the final inspection or audit date is postponed. Once the lot is ready, the cartons are chosen randomly for inspection, and the inspected cartons are signed or marked to ensure random selection. The major points inspected in this stage are Size specifications and fit measurement Visual appearance (based on the garment zones) Packed quantity Material’s feel and appearance Style of the garment as per the buyer approved sample Size and colour ratios Carton dimensions, quality and markings Packing assortment Packaging...

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