The textile & apparel industry is on the brink of an industrial revolution; or more likely, evolution. The much talked about theme of Industry 4.0 is swiftly becoming a technological reality and cyber-physical systems – the integration of computation, networking, and physical processes – are being integrated into the supply chain, opening up new possibilities for harnessing data, predicting maintenance needs and enhancing efficiency. In such a diverse industry, there are many ways in which this evolution will have an impact. But, for many, what this impact will be, remains ambiguous and needs further exploration.