In 2017/18, world cotton production is projected to increase by 8 per cent to 24.9 mn tonne due entirely to an 8 per cent expansion in world cotton area to 31.7 mn hectares, which is below the 20-year average of 32.7 mn hectares. The world average yield is forecast at 785 kg/ha. India is expected to remain the world’s largest cotton producer in 2017/18 with output increasing by 6 per cent to 6.1 mn tonne. After falling by 6 per cent in 2016/17, China’s production is projected to rebound by 7 per cent to 5.2 mn tonne.