Arthur Ryan, the Irish businessman who founded low-cost global apparel retail giant Primark, passed away at the age of 83 on 8th July, 2019, following a short illness. Founded in Dublin under the name of Penneys in 1969, Primark has since developed into a retail empire consisting of more than 350 stores employing over 75,000 people in 12 countries, spread over both Europe and North America.