Uzbekistan textile industry exported its products worth $1.1 bn to more than 50 countries in the world 2017 and the share of value-added products exceeded 40 per cent. The growth of export indicators was facilitated by the activity of 64 trading houses which were opened in foreign countries, according to reported quoting statistics from the Association of Textile and Clothing and Textile Industries Enterprises (Uztekstilprom). One of the effective forms of further development of the textile industry will be the creation of clusters. This model implies the organisation of a single production cycle, which includes the cultivation of raw cotton, primary processing and its further processing at ginneries with the release of final products, Uztekstilprom’s representative said.
The number of exporting enterprises rose from 293 in early 2017 to 350 by the year end. The country produces around 1.4 mn tonne of cotton fibre annually, of which about 60 per cent is consumed domestically. Thirty four investment projects on modernisation of existing and creation of new enterprises with a total export potential of $151.7 mn were completed in 2017 in the country’s light industry. Their total value exceeded $356 mn. Experts have already created a draft concept of development for the medium-term perspective of cotton textile clusters, taking into account the experience of such facilities in the Navoi region. Around 7,000 industrial enterprises operate in the republic at present. The Uzbek textile industry is mainly focused on cotton, silk and wool.
Further development of its textile industry is one of the policy priorities of Uzbekistan. The country grows about 3.5 mn tonne of raw cotton and produces 1.1 mn tonnes of cotton fibre annually. The country plans to create 112 modern, high-tech industrial factories, expand, modernize and technologically upgrade 20 operating capacities. All this will increase the export potential of the industry up to $2.5 bn a year and create more than 25,000 jobs. Textile industry of Uzbekistan is considered to be one of the most dynamic and socially important sectors and ranks high among export-oriented industries of the country’s economy. The Uzbek textile industry is mainly focused on cotton, silk and wool.