US President Joe Biden recently signed a law banning cotton-containing products originating from the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of China. While this decision could benefit India’s textile industry, India needs to develop capacity in a short period of time, both in quantity and quality, to make more textile products available in the United States. In this regard, according to industry stakeholders, the Product Linked Incentive (PLI) scheme announced this year will be very helpful.