Tamilnadu textiles and clothing industry predominantly cotton based, accounts 1/3rd of the textile business size, 45 percent of the spinning capacity, 70 percent of the knitted garment capacity, 40 percent of the home textiles manufacturing capacity, 22 percent of the power loom capacity, 12 percent of handloom capacity and the only State having presence of whole textile value chain. More than 80 percent of the MSME units especially the spinning mills are located in the State of Tamilnadu. The actual annual cotton requirement of the textile industry in Tamilnadu is around 120 lakh bales (170kgs per bale) while the State hardly produces 4 to 6 lakh bales. Realizing the importance for increasing the cotton production to enhance the competitiveness of the industry and also augment the revenue of the cotton farmers, Hon’ble Chief Minister of Tamilnadu, Thiru. M. K. Stalin, soon after assuming the charge as the Chief Minister, announced Sustainable Cotton Cultivation Mission with necessary funds and also removed Agricultural Market Committee Fee on seed cotton (Kapas), cotton and cotton waste was that prevailed since 1959 with an intention to enhance the global competitiveness of the textile industry in the State and benefit the farmers. SIMA Cotton Development and Research Association (SIMA CD & RA) is closely working with the Department of Agriculture and Government of Tamilnadu in implementing various State and Central Government Schemes relating to cotton development.